Judo was initially used for self-defence and involved various deadly practices. However, over the years, the practice has been remodelled into a safe martial art. To make it safer for students/beginners, rules and regulations were added to the martial art.
There currently exist different martial arts sports aside from Judo. Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) is one of the popular sports that lovers can follow and wager on as they enjoy this exclusive Betfred offer. To every beginner, here are the Judo basics to note.
Players and Equipment
The modern Judo takes place on a mat known as tatami. The mat measures 14m x 14m with the combat area marked within measuring 10m x 10m. The Judokas are required to wear designated uniforms known as gi (a traditional Japanese uniform) and a knotted belt. The Judokas are required to bow before stepping on the tatami. One is also required to bow to the fellow Judoka before and after a combat match.
Each bout will last for five minutes. The bout referee assisted by judges will award the points and penalties in the game. After the 5-minute period elapses, a winner will be announced.
To win the bout, a player must yield more points than the opponent. How are the points scored? Points will be scored for throws or holds and penalties given in the sport for infringement of the rules set. There exist three types of scores;
This is the best form of scoring since it results in immediate victory. It involves throwing an opponent and having them land on their back. Ippon can also be achieved in other alternative ways including; having an opponent submit after trapping them in an armhold or stranglehold or immobilizing the opponent for at least 25 seconds on the floor.
Two waza-ari in a contest will account for one Ippon. This means that one waza-ari is a half-point of an Ippon. For lesser throws than those required to score an Ippon, and immobilizing the opponent for few seconds on the floor will have a waza-ari awarded.
Less effective locks, throws or holds and immobilizing the opponent for a short period will award Yuko points. The points are less weighty with one Waza-ari point outscoring any Yuko number.
Judo has two types of penalties awarded to the athletes;
> Minor Infringements (Shido)
Can be awarded for the following; stalling tactics, refusal to commit/non-aggression in a long period (1st penalty – warning, 2nd penalty – opponent awarded a Yuko, 3rd penalty – opponent awarded a Waza-ari, 4th penalty – opponent awarded an Ippon)
> Major Infringements (Hansoku make)
Automatically awards victory to the opponent and can lead to exclusion of the infringing athlete from the tournament.
A contest will be won if an athlete can;
> Score an ippon
> Score two waza-ari
> Score one waza-ari in regular time wihout the opponent scoring, or wazari in the golden score